“Hemp/industrial hemp” and “marijuana” are 2 unique ranges of the very same plant types. “Hemp” is a fiber crop. “Cannabis” is a drug crop. However, these definitions have actually become puzzled in the last 60 years. Just recently, a movement has begun to distinguish the terms again. It is essential to understand the history of the usage of these terms in order to get rid of the confusion.
1600-1930s Hemp’s Long History in North America
The word “hemp” has actually remained in the English language for over 800 years. The word “marijuana” is only 100 years old.
From the first settling of North America up until the 1930s, “hemp” was the most common term for Marijuana Sativa fiber crops. “Cannabis” was never ever utilized to describe hemp fiber crops, which were grown for canvas, rope, fuel oil, and paper. “Hemp” fiber crops were historically low THC and totally non-psychoactive.
The 1930s-1940s Cannabis tax Act confuses “Hemp” and “Cannabis”.
In the 1930s, the psychedelic (high-THC) range of cannabis Sativa, imported from Mexico, ended up being common in the southern U.S. It was called “cannabis”, a word popularized through the “Reefer Madness” campaign, to identify it from the “hemp” fiber crops (which no one ever smoked).
In 1937, the passage of the Marijuana Tax Act hopelessly puzzled the terms “hemp” and “cannabis”. For the first time, Congress defined these distinct ranges of Marijuana Sativa as being the same. What had actually been commonly referred to as “hemp” was now “marijuana”.
The 1950s “Hemp” Crops Become Extinct.
In 1957, the last “hemp” fiber crop was collected in the U.S. Since low-THC Cannabis sativa fiber crops were now extinct, the word “hemp” dropped out of use and was forgotten.
The 1960s “Marijuana” Legalization Movement Starts.
In the 1960s, the psychoactive range of cannabis sativa (” marijuana”) became popular amongst the counter-culture. The motion to legislate “marijuana” in the 1960s and 1970s did not utilize the term “hemp” to describe “cannabis”.
1985 “Hemp”/ “Cannabis” Motion Begins.
In 1985, the word “hemp” re-surfaced in the book The Emperor Wears No Clothing by Jack Herer. This book uncovered information that had been lost for practically 40 years about “hemp’s” historical uses as a fiber crop. The book also touted “hemp” as a solution to contemporary ecological issues.
Because The Emperor was targeted at a “cannabis” motion and given that it was not extensively understood that low-THC ranges of hemp existed in Europe and Asia, it was believed that “cannabis” should be legislated to allow industrial uses of “hemp”. And since it was the environmentalists and the counter-culture that began promoting hemp as an alternative fiber crop, they were not taken seriously.
1989 European Farmers Grow “Hemp”.
In Europe, some nations (like France and Spain) had actually never stopped producing “hemp”. In 1989, the European Economic Neighborhood developed guidelines to govern “hemp” production that applied to all its member countries. The EEC defined authorized seed ranges for low THC “hemp” and methods for screening “hemp” for THC content.
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